The relationship of these teeth to general health and efficiency was appreciated in a long before vitamins or focal infections had been heard of. Toothaches used to be as inevitable as colds, and slave buyers and horse dealers inspected the teeth of the prospective purchases before purchasing. But only in recent times has attention been given to the preservation and care of their teeth.
Early studies of the origin and prevention of dental caries suggested there may be one causative factor but further results reveal that the problem is a complicated one, with diet, heredity, internal secretions, mechanical aspects, and oral hygiene of greatest importance.
Diet and Dental Caries
There is now general agreement that diet probably is the most important single element in the maintenance of sound, healthy teeth, which a decent diet is the most essential through the period of most rapid growth. McCullum and Simmonds complete in an experimental study that rats which are kept to a diet in part of the period have decay that is premature and teeth, although an adequate diet is supplied afterward. In the days before viosterol was developed and before cod-liver oil was widely used, McCullum reported that at the age of entering faculty 9 percent of children who were breastfed for at least 6 weeks had dental caries, 22 percent of children who were fed on cow’s milk or about milk combinations, and 27 percent who had been fed on oatmeal water and other prepared meals. This would indicate that the foundation of health is laid early in life, but it seems that the prenatal period is also of great value in this regard. The emphasis is currently being placed upon the right diet while pregnant.
Significant though diet is, there does not appear to be some single dietary factor which is responsible for dental caries. Calcium and phosphorus, the two minerals found in bones and teeth, and vitamin D, which regulates the utilization of these minerals by the body, are clearly essential. Of these, Vitamin D and calcium were first thought to be of importance: but the recent work appears to imply that magnesium is of as great if not greater significance than calcium. Certain vegetable milk and fish foods are rich sources of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D is likely to be deficient during winter months in foods but is administered in the kind of vitamin D milk, cod-liver oil, or viosterol. Click here to set an appointment!
Children have long been denied candy due to the belief that sugar is connected to dental decay, and specific studies completed in institutions for orphans where the diet is rigorously controlled imply that the incidence of dental caries is directly related to the amount of carbohydrate from the diet. Cereals from which the hull of this grain has been removed appear to have an unfavorable influence upon the evolution of the teeth, and several researchers think that oatmeal contributes directly to the formation of caries.
Divergent opinions regarding the terms of diet to dental health leave one quite perplexed. Seemingly, no one dietary factor accounts for resistance to caries, but different elements are necessary for the proper growth and soundness of the teeth. For practical purposes, a diet, containing liberal quantities of orange, orange juice, fresh fruits, vegetables, as well as for kids cod-liver oil another kind of vitamin D, might be depended on to supply the nutritional demands of the tooth.
It’s often said that”a clean tooth never decays.” Whether or not this is true depends upon the definition of cleanliness. The announcement probably is correct if cleanliness suggests freedom from germs. However, at the food we eat and with bacteria constantly present in the mouth, it’s not possible to have the teeth.
The mechanism of decay is through the action of acids produced by bacterial decomposition of food, first on the tooth and then on the softer dentine of the tooth. The activity of this acid on the tooth arrangement may begin in any crevice, irregularity, or break in the enamel. The amount of acid and decomposition formation is best if there are accumulations of food substances. In reality, it is between the teeth, in which it’s difficult to prevent accumulations of meals that rust begins. Although cleanliness of the teeth is hot the only factor in the prevention of dental decay or even the one that is most important it is not without importance.
Some clarification of the part of the issue has been given by recent studies of these bacteria within the mouth. If a germ known as Lactobacillus acidophilus occurs in quantity caries develop with great rapidity. This is because these bacteria act upon carbs on and about the teeth to produce acids that dissolve the enamel and the dentine. These studies have shown that if men have an excessive number of lactobacilli in their mouths, then the number of caries can be reduced from the elimination of sugars and other carbohydrates in the diet.
It now seems that certain compounds applied to the teeth will neutralize the acids formed by the activity of germs upon carbs and so reduce caries. A number of these chemicals are currently being included in so-called”ammoniated” toothpaste.
Fluorine and Dental Caries
During the past several years investigations have taken a different turn. It was determined that the chemical distinction between carious and non-carious teeth is that carious teeth comprise a compound component that’s present in minute quantities in teeth and the bones, less fluorine. This was accompanied by an investigation of the fluorine content of their drinking water in areas in and areas in. Here again, a difference in fluorine content has been discovered. From these studies, it’s been reasoned that the existence of approximately 1 part of fluorine per 1,000,000 components of drinking water causes a prevalence of caries. Incidentally, fluorine inside this amount causes some mottling of the teeth.